If you’re a city dweller and are fortunate enough to have access to a little roof or balcony space, you have the unique opportunity to create an oasis garden in the midst of all the concrete. Creating garden and landscaping ideas in areas like these can be a challenge due to severe winds and direct sun. However, with careful planning and planting you can create a screen to block much of the wind, and some shade, either manmade (screens, awnings, canopies) or natural, to give protection from the worst of the sun.
The first step in planning a garden like this is to research how the building is constructed. Take the time to find out what materials the roof or balcony is made of and how it is constructed and put together. A balcony can be a very small and limited area. if it’s planned to be loaded with containers and their contents which can be very heavy, it has to be able to hold the weight. To prevent leaks, small gardens that are placed on roofs should be completely water proof as well as have proper drainage. if it is going to be easily accessed and enjoyed, there should be a safe way to get to the roof or balcony garden.
It’s probable that there will be utility poles and wire in and around the area of your roof top garden. With the right plant placement, these can be masked or hidden. Small planters, pots, and containers filled with flowers and plants will help make the atmosphere in the garden while bigger container plants can do the same and also create a green screen to keep out neighboring views. Roof top gardens are the same as any small garden designs, patio design, and courtyards, in the sense that you should try not to crowd the small amount of space that you have. A nice view should be framed rather than destroyed by a rooftop jungle as well as making sure there is room for somewhere to sit and enjoy it.
Long wooden planters will spread the load and are preferable to using many small round pots. It’s a good idea to also add water absorbing crystals into your planting medium. This can help lessen your plants daily watering as they hold water until plants need it and it all doesn’t just evaporate. You may also want to consider hydroponics if the roof is unable to hold much weight. And since plants grown hydroponically require only a liquid medium, the pots weigh a lot less than containers filled with soil.
Your roof or balcony garden is also a good place to keep a small wormery or a bokashi system, so your precious plants can benefit while you are disposing of household waste in a way that is both useful and ecologically sound.